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43 Publications

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    11/01/06 | Cluster analysis and robust use of full-field models for sonar beamforming
    Brian Tracey , Nigel Lee , Srinivas Turaga
    Journal of Acoustical Society of America . 11/2006;120(5): 2635–2647. doi: 10.1121/1.2346128

    Multipath propagation in shallow water can lead to mismatch losses when single-path replicas are usedfor horizontal array beamforming.Matched field processing(MFP) seeks to remedy this by using full-fieldacoustic propagationmodels to predict the multipath arrival structure. Ideally MFP can give source localization in range and depth as well as detection gains but robustly estimating range and depth is difficult in practice. The approach described here seeks to collapse full-field replica outputs to bearing which is robustly estimated while retaining any signal gains provided by the full-field model.Clusteranalysis is used to group together full-field replicas with similar responses. This yields a less redundant “sampled field” describing a set of representative multipath structures for each bearing. A detection algorithm is introduced that uses clustering to collapse beamformer outputs to bearing such that signal gains are retained while increases in the noise floor are minimized. Horizontal array data from SWELLEX-96 are used to demonstrate the detection benefits of sampled field as compared to single-pathbeamforming.

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    03/01/04 | Statistical clustering applied to adaptive matched field processing
    BH Tracey , NL Lee , SC Turaga
    Proceedings of Advanced Sensor Array Processing (ASAP) Workshop, March 2004:
    03/27/03 | Calculating free energies for diffusion in tight-fitting zeolite-guest systems: Local normal-mode Monte Carlo
    Srinivas C. Turaga , Scott M. Auerbach
    Journal of Chemical Physics. 2003;118(6512):. doi: 10.1063/1.1558033

    We present an efficient Monte Carlo algorithm for simulating diffusion in tight-fitting host–guest systems, based on using zeolitenormal modes. Computational efficiency is gained by sampling framework distortions using normal-mode coordinates, and by exploiting the fact that zeolite distortion energies are well approximated by harmonic estimates. Additional savings are obtained by performing local normal-mode analysis, i.e., only including the motions of zeolite atoms close to the jumping molecule, hence focusing the calculation on zeolite distortions relevant to guest diffusion. We performed normal-mode analysis on various silicalite structures to demonstrate the accuracy of the harmonic approximation. We computed free energy surfaces for benzene in silicalite, finding excellent agreement with previous theoretical studies. Our method is found to be orders-of-magnitude faster than comparable Monte Carlo calculations that use conventional forcefields to quantify zeolite distortion energies. For tight-fitting guests, the efficiency of our new method allows flexible-lattice simulations to converge in less CPU time than that required for fixed-lattice simulations, because of the increased likelihood of jumping through a flexible lattice.

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