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19 Janelia Publications

Showing 1-10 of 19 results
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    Cui Lab
    08/01/17 | Volume imaging.
    Cui M, Kong L
    USPTO. 2017 Aug 01;B2:

    A system for a laser-scanning microscope includes an optical element configured to transmit light in a first direction onto a first beam path and to reflect light in a second direction to a second beam path that is different from the first beam path; a reflector on the first beam path; and a lens including a variable focal length, the lens positioned on the first beam path. The lens and reflector are positioned relative to each other to cause light transmitted by the optical element to pass through the lens a plurality of times and in a different direction each time. In some implementations, the system also can include a feedback system that receives a signal that represents an amount of focusing of the lens, and changes the focal length of the lens based on the received signal.

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    07/13/15 | Continuous volumetric imaging via an optical phase-locked ultrasound lens.
    Kong L, Tang J, Little JP, Yu Y, Lämmermann T, Lin CP, Germain RN, Cui M
    Nature Methods. 2015-Jul 13;12(8):759-62. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.3476

    In vivo imaging at high spatiotemporal resolution is key to the understanding of complex biological systems. We integrated an optical phase-locked ultrasound lens into a two-photon fluorescence microscope and achieved microsecond-scale axial scanning, thus enabling volumetric imaging at tens of hertz. We applied this system to multicolor volumetric imaging of processes sensitive to motion artifacts, including calcium dynamics in behaving mouse brain and transient morphology changes and trafficking of immune cells.

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    Cui Lab
    07/13/15 | High-resolution in vivo imaging of mouse brain through the intact skull.
    Park J, Sun W, Cui M
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2015-Jul 13;112(30):9236-41. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1505939112

    Multiphoton microscopy is the current method of choice for in vivo deep-tissue imaging. The long laser wavelength suffers less scattering, and the 3D-confined excitation permits the use of scattered signal light. However, the imaging depth is still limited because of the complex refractive index distribution of biological tissue, which scrambles the incident light and destroys the optical focus needed for high resolution imaging. Here, we demonstrate a wavefront-shaping scheme that allows clear imaging through extremely turbid biological tissue, such as the skull, over an extended corrected field of view (FOV). The complex wavefront correction is obtained and directly conjugated to the turbid layer in a noninvasive manner. Using this technique, we demonstrate in vivo submicron-resolution imaging of neural dendrites and microglia dynamics through the intact skulls of adult mice. This is the first observation, to our knowledge, of dynamic morphological changes of microglia through the intact skull, allowing truly noninvasive studies of microglial immune activities free from external perturbations.

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    Cui Lab

    We demonstrate a high throughput, large compensation range, single-prism femtosecond pulse compressor, using a single prism and two roof mirrors. The compressor has zero angular dispersion, zero spatial dispersion, zero pulse-front tilt, and unity magnification. The high efficiency is achieved by adopting two roof mirrors as the retroreflectors. We experimentally achieved ~ -14500 fs2 group delay dispersion (GDD) with 30 cm of prism tip-roof mirror prism separation, and ~90.7% system throughput with the current implementation. With better components, the throughput can be even higher.

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    Cui Lab
    03/23/15 | Numerical study of multi-conjugate large area wavefront correction for deep tissue microscopy.
    Wu T, Cui M
    Optics Express. 2015 Mar 23;23(6):7463-70. doi: 10.1364/OE.23.007463

    Wavefront distortion fundamentally limits the achievable imaging depth and quality in thick tissue. Wavefront correction can help restore the diffraction limited focus albeit with a small field of view (FOV), which limits its imaging applications. In this work, we numerically investigate whether the multi-conjugate configuration, originally developed for astronomical adaptive optics, may increase the correction FOV in random turbid media. The results show that the multi-conjugate configuration can significantly improve the correction area compared to the widely adopted pupil plane correction. Even in the simple case of single-conjugation, it still outperforms the pupil plane correction. This study provides a guideline for designing the optimal wavefront correction system in deep tissue imaging.

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    Cui Lab
    03/09/15 | In vivo neuroimaging through the highly scattering tissue via iterative multi-photon adaptive compensation technique.
    Kong L, Cui M
    Optics Express. 2015 Mar 9;23(5):6145-50. doi: 10.1364/OE.23.006145

    For in vivo deep tissue imaging, high order wavefront measurement and correction is needed for handling the severe wavefront distortion. Towards such a goal, we have developed the iterative multi-photon adaptive compensation technique (IMPACT). In this work, we explore using IMPACT to perform calcium imaging of neocortex through the intact skull of adult mice, and to image through the highly scattering white matter on the hippocampus surface.

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    Cui Lab
    12/22/14 | In vivo fluorescence microscopy via iterative multi-photon adaptive compensation technique.
    Kong L, Cui M
    Optical Express. 2014 Oct 6;22(20):23786-94. doi: 10.1364/OE.22.023786

    Iterative multi-photon adaptive compensation technique (IMPACT) has been developed for wavefront measurement and compensation in highly scattering tissues. Our previous report was largely based on the measurements of fixed tissue. Here we demonstrate the advantages of IMPACT for in vivo imaging and report the latest results. In particular, we show that IMPACT can be used for functional imaging of awake mice, and greatly improve the in vivo neuron imaging in mouse cortex at large depth (~660 microns). Moreover, IMPACT enables neuron imaging through the intact skull of adult mice, which promises noninvasive optical measurements in mouse brain.

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    Cui Lab
    07/29/14 | A self-adaptive method for creating high efficiency communication channels through random scattering media.
    Hao X, Martin-Rouault L, Cui M
    Science Reports. 2014 Jul 29;4:5874. doi: 10.1038/srep05874

    Controlling the propagation of electromagnetic waves is important to a broad range of applications. Recent advances in controlling wave propagation in random scattering media have enabled optical focusing and imaging inside random scattering media. In this work, we propose and demonstrate a new method to deliver optical power more efficiently through scattering media. Drastically different from the random matrix characterization approach, our method can rapidly establish high efficiency communication channels using just a few measurements, regardless of the number of optical modes, and provides a practical and robust solution to boost the signal levels in optical or short wave communications. We experimentally demonstrated analog and digital signal transmission through highly scattering media with greatly improved performance. Besides scattering, our method can also reduce the loss of signal due to absorption. Experimentally, we observed that our method forced light to go around absorbers, leading to even higher signal improvement than in the case of purely scattering media. Interestingly, the resulting signal improvement is highly directional, which provides a new means against eavesdropping.

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    Cui Lab
    09/01/13 | Three-dimensional live microscopy beyond the diffraction limit.
    Fiolka R
    Journal of Optics. 2013 Sep;15:094002. doi: 10.1088/2040-8978/15/9/094002

    In fluorescence microscopy it has become possible to fundamentally overcome the diffraction limited resolution in all three spatial dimensions. However, to have the most impact in biological sciences, new optical microscopy techniques need to be compatible with live cell imaging: image acquisition has to be fast enough to capture cellular dynamics at the new resolution limit while light exposure needs to be minimized to prevent photo-toxic effects. With increasing spatial resolution, these requirements become more difficult to meet, even more so when volumetric imaging is performed. In this review, techniques that have been successfully applied to three-dimensional, super-resolution live microscopy are presented and their relative strengths and weaknesses are discussed.

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    Cui Lab
    01/01/13 | High speed phase distortion measurement and compensation for focusing in space and time.
    Fiolka R, Cui M
    Proceedings of SPIE. 2013;8589:85890V. doi: 10.1117/12.2001121

    Random scattering and aberrations severely limit the imaging depth in optical microscopy. We introduce a rapid, parallel wavefront compensation technique that efficiently compensates even highly complex phase distortions. Using coherence gated backscattered light as a feedback signal, we focus light deep inside highly scattering brain tissue. We demonstrate that the same wavefront optimization technique can also be used to compensate spectral phase distortions in ultrashort laser pulses using nonlinear iterative feedback. We can restore transform limited pulse durations at any selected target location and compensate for dispersion that has occurred in the optical train and within the sample.

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