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13 Janelia Publications

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    11/03/14 | Protecting integrated circuits from piracy with test-aware logic locking.
    Plaza SM, Markov IL
    ICCAD '14 Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design. 2014 Nov 03:262-269. doi: 10.1109/ICCAD.2014.7001361

    The increasing IC manufacturing cost encourages a business model where design houses outsource IC fabrication to remote foundries. Despite cost savings, this model exposes design houses to IC piracy as remote foundries can manufacture in excess to sell on the black market. Recent efforts in digital hardware security aim to thwart piracy by using XOR-based chip locking, cryptography, and active metering. To counter direct attacks and lower the exposure of unlocked circuits to the foundry, we introduce a multiplexor-based locking strategy that preserves test response allowing IC testing by an untrusted party before activation. We demonstrate a simple yet effective attack against a locked circuit that does not preserve test response, and validate the effectiveness of our locking strategy on IWLS 2005 benchmarks.

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    09/05/14 | Annotating synapses in large EM datasets.
    Plaza SM, Parag T, Huang G, Olbris DJ, Saunders MA, Rivlin PK
    arXiv. 2014 Sep 5:arXiv:1409.1801 [q-bio.QM]

    Reconstructing neuronal circuits at the level of synapses is a central problem in neuroscience and becoming a focus of the emerging field of connectomics. To date, electron microscopy (EM) is the most proven technique for identifying and quantifying synaptic connections. As advances in EM make acquiring larger datasets possible, subsequent manual synapse identification ({\em i.e.}, proofreading) for deciphering a connectome becomes a major time bottleneck. Here we introduce a large-scale, high-throughput, and semi-automated methodology to efficiently identify synapses. We successfully applied our methodology to the Drosophila medulla optic lobe, annotating many more synapses than previous connectome efforts. Our approaches are extensible and will make the often complicated process of synapse identification accessible to a wider-community of potential proofreaders.

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    09/05/14 | Automatic neuron type identification by neurite localization in the Drosophila medulla.
    Plaza SM, Zhao T
    arXiv. 2014 Sep 5:arXiv:1409.1892 [q-bio.NC]

    Mapping the connectivity of neurons in the brain (i.e., connectomics) is a challenging problem due to both the number of connections in even the smallest organisms and the nanometer resolution required to resolve them. Because of this, previous connectomes contain only hundreds of neurons, such as in the C.elegans connectome. Recent technological advances will unlock the mysteries of increasingly large connectomes (or partial connectomes). However, the value of these maps is limited by our ability to reason with this data and understand any underlying motifs. To aid connectome analysis, we introduce algorithms to cluster similarly-shaped neurons, where 3D neuronal shapes are represented as skeletons. In particular, we propose a novel location-sensitive clustering algorithm. We show clustering results on neurons reconstructed from the Drosophila medulla that show high-accuracy.

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