The hemibrain connectome is the largest synaptic-level connectome ever reconstructed. It covers a large portion of the central fly brain, including the mushroom body and central complex circuits critical for associative learning and fly navigation. Clock neuron circuity included in the volume could also provide insights on mechanisms underlying sleep. Furthermore, given available light microscopy image data and previous partial connectome reconstruction in the optic lobe, we also identified most optic lobe neurons entering the cental brain regions enabling analysis of downstream visual processing.
This connectome reconstruction contains around 25,000 neurons, which can be grouped into thousands of distinct cell types spanning several brain regions. This connectome required advances in imaging, segmentation (by the Connectomics Group at Google), and proofreading and analysis software.
- Read the overview paper describing the hemibrain and underlying technology.
- Hemibrain is licensed under CC-BY.
- Explore the dataset using neuPrint: an analysis ecosystem for exploring connectomes.
- See the tutorial video below as well as more detailed documentation.
- View data in neuroglancer
- See relevant resources for intensive programmatic access of connectome data below.
- If you have questions, problems, and comments
Resources and relevant technologies
Biological exploration & analysis
Programming and data access
Videos of hemibrain circuitry
Neuroscientists are already using connectome data to understand the mechanistic underpinnings of fly behavior. The circuitry shown here is from the fly’s central complex, a region that controls navigation.
To image the Drosophila hemibrain, researchers precisely cut the fly brain into relatively thick slabs using a hot knife. Each slab is then imaged using focused ion beam and scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) to generate data with nanometer isotropic resolution. Afterwards, images from different sections were carefully stitched together. The goal: To create an image volume with as little aberration along the boundaries as possible, to make tracing the paths of neurons through the brain possible.
Researchers have identified more than 4,000 distinct types of neurons in the Drosophila hemibrain. Here are a few of them.
Completing the hemibrain connectome required optimizing every part of the process, from the microscopes that imaged the brain to the algorithms that automatically traced neurons through the dataset. This video gives an overview of the endeavor.
The hemibrain dataset
The hemibrain dataset encompasses the part of the fly brain highlighted here in blue. This region includes neurons involved in learning, navigation, smell, vision, and many other functions.
- 12/23/20 | hemibrain v1.2 released (neuprint => neuprint+ and mitochondria prediction)
- 6/20 | hemibrain v1.1 released
- 1/22/20 | hemibrain v1.0 now available for exploring and downloading.
- 12/20/19 | Reconstruction to make version 1.0 of the hemibrain is complete and being prepared for the upcoming release.
- 10/15/19 | Hemibrain public data release for January 22nd